Yukon Information and Privacy Commissioner
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The following are written submissions that the IPC has made to government on specific pieces of legislation or programs.
- What is a custodian?
‘Custodian’ is a key term in HIPMA. This is an authorized person who may collect, use and disclose personal health information only in accordance with the legislation. Custodians include most health care providers, operators of hospitals and health facilities, the Yukon Government Department of Health and Social Services, the Department of Community Services Yukon Emergency Medical Services program, the Kwanlin Dun First Nation Health Centre, the Many Rivers Counselling and Support Services Society, and the Child Development Centre.
‘Health care providers’ are also defined. They include physicians, nurses, pharmacists, chiropractors, optometrists, dentists and related professionals, psychologists, occupational therapists, midwives, naturopaths, and speech language pathologists, as well as individuals defined in the Health Professions Act, such as physiotherapists.
‘Health facility’ is a defined term and includes medical clinics, community health centres, dental clinics, medical laboratories, specimen collection centres, pharmacies, nursing homes and other continuing or long-term care facilities.
- Do I have the right to access my personal health information?
Yes. Under HIPMA, you have the right to access your personal health information held by a custodian (see ‘What is a custodian?’).
Personal health information includes:
- information related to your health or health care provided to you;
- records of payments for your health care;
- information related to your donation of body parts, tissue or bodily substances; and
- information about testing or examinations that you have undergone.
- What is a ‘record of user activity’?
Electronic information systems used by custodians should have a ‘user-based’ capability to track access to any information within that system. This means that the system can differentiate between users, usually by the login credentials assigned to each user. Every time a custodian or one of their employees accesses your personal health information, they must each use their own login and the system records this access.
A ‘record of user activity’ is the record generated by the system that identifies who has accessed your personal health information. HIPMA gives you the right to request access to this record and the custodian is not allowed to charge you a fee to provide you with it.
You would request access to a record of user activity from a custodian in the same way you would request access to other personal health information from them (see ‘How do I request access to my personal health information?’).